Extended Abstract or Full Paper

Manuscripts should be submitted in Word in English language. They should, normally, be no longer than 3-5 pages for extended abstracts and 6-15 pages for full papers (not including references).
– Use 10-point Times Roman for text.
– Use single spacing.
– Use blank line after each paragraph.
– Use default page settings.
– Use italics for emphasis.
– Use the automatic page numbering function to number the pages. Page numbers should appear on the right-upper corners of pages.
– Avoid use of footnotes and endnotes.
– Save your file in docx format (Word 2007 or higher).
– Use the decimal system of headings with no more than three levels (e.g., 1. Introduction, 2. Literature Review, 2.1 xxxxxx, 2.2 xxxxxxxx, etc.).
– Abbreviations should be defined at first mention and used consistently thereafter.

Citation and References

– Cite references in the text by name and year in parentheses. If there are more than one reference in a citation, they should be ordered in chronological order. Page number should be given if certain text, figure or table is directly included in paper. Some examples:

  1. One study argues that clustering leads to employment growth in manufacturing industries but not necessarily to international export success (McDonald et al. 2007).
  2. Acknowledgment of benefits of clustering has led to increasing cluster initiatives both in advanced economies and in emerging economies during the last twenty years (Sölvell et al. 2003; Ketels et al. 2006).
  3. Porter (1998, 78) defines clusters as geographic concentrations of interconnected companies and institutions in a particular field.

– The list of references should only include works that are cited in the text and that have been published or accepted for publication. Do not use footnotes or endnotes as a substitute for a reference list. Reference list entries should be in alphabetical order by the last names of the first author of each work. Journal names and book titles should be italicized. Some examples below:

  • Journal article
    Beaudry, C., & Breschi, S. (2003). Are firms in clusters really more innovative? Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 12(4), 325-342.

    Folta, T. B., Cooper, A. C., & Baik, Y. S. (2006). Geographic cluster size and firm performance. Journal of Business Venturing, 21(2), 217-242.

  • Book
    Acemoglu, D., & Robinson, J. (2012). Why nations fail: The origins of power, prosperity, and poverty. New York: Crown Business.
    Ketels, C., Lindqvist, G., & Sölvell, Ö. (2006). Cluster initiatives in developing and transition economies. Stockholm: Center for Strategy and Competitiveness.

  • Book chapter
    Sala-I-Martin, X., Bilbao-Osorio, B., Blanke, J., Hanouz, M. D., Geiger, T., & Ko, C. (2013). The global competitiveness index 2013-2014: Sustaining growth, building resilience. In: K. Schwab (Ed.), The global competitiveness report 2013-2014: Full data edition (pp. 3-52). Geneva: World Economic Forum.

  • Online document
    International Data Corporation (2012). IDC predicts 2013 will be dominated by mobile and cloud developments as the IT industry shifts into full-blown competition on the 3rd platform, https://www.idc.com/getdoc.jsp?containerId=prUS23814112#.UVP4dhyeOQk Accessed 15 November 2013.

  • Conference paper
    Sasson, A., & Reve, T. (2012). Competitiveness as industrial attractiveness: Operationalizing the emerald model. Paper presented at the 2012 Microeconomics of Competitiveness Research Workshop, December 10, 2012, Harvard Business School, Boston.


– Tables and figures are to be numbered and provided with a caption (title). While a figure caption is located under the figure, a table caption is located above the table (this is automatically taken care of if caption function of Microsoft Word is used).
– Tables and figures should be referenced appropriately at the end of captions if they are adapted from other sources.