The goal of "Developing Pedagogy for 21st Century Skills in Nepal" project is to strengthen the capacity of higher education in Nepal to enhance equal access to education through digital learning opportunities. In order to achieve this, the development activities aim to provide students with 21st century skills. These goals also contribute to the national School Sector Development Plan (SSDP) 2016-2023 and are in accordance with Nepal’s new constitution.

The quality of education is influenced by the skills of teachers. Thus, this project focuses on producing digitally competent teachers in two universities, Tribhuvan University and Nepal Open University. Both universities have a remarkable role in Nepal and are developing a new MA programme in digital pedagogy for 21st century.

Also the project will develop a modular and standalone guidance and counselling course for school teachers (in-service teachers) in order to help girls and boys from disadvantaged communities remain in school and accelerate their educational performance.

As digitalization of education is seen as an opportunity of the present and the future, teachers of all levels of education need to have competences to use technology in their work and develop their pedagogy accordingly. Therefore, teacher training and teacher educators must be equipped with the required capacities first. The universities are committed to the long-term development of digital infrastructure, ODL and to developing the necessary human capacity required to exploit them.

Change starts with the great teachers.



Nepal is transitioning through a period of significant change, both in national politics and educational policy. The government has adopted a new constitution, which demands changes to educational policy, for example.

The Developing Pedagogy for 21ST Century Skills in Nepal -project is related to two of these changes:

  1. to improve the quality of teaching at all levels of education, the government has decreed that teachers’ minimum level qualification will be a master’s degree
  2. access to education, from primary, through secondary, to tertiary and higher education, must become more equitable.

Recent projects have built a more robust infrastructure and created the foundations of a student-centred approach to learning throughout the education pyramid. Moving away from traditional teacher-centred learning to a methodology that puts the student at the centre of the process
requires vastly different skills of university-level teacher educators.

To benefit from modern communication through which education can be accessed at any time from anywhere, means that teachers must learn vastly different skills than before. The process of acquiring new, modern skills must begin at the teacher educator level: people who train the teachers of tomorrow must understand and be able to adapt modern communications technology in a pedagogically sound manner. 

That is where the 21stCS Nepal project begins.
The consortium consists of two Finnish partner higher education institutions, JAMK and HAMK, plus two Nepalese HEIs, Trubhuvan University (TU), and Nepal Open University (NOU).



The project's main aim is to increase the capacity of our Nepalese partners’ teacher education faculties.

Output 1: Newly designed Master's programme on 21st century pedagogy

The programme is focusing on digital skills, digital pedagogy, guidance and counselling, and critical thinking.

Output 2: Two further study modules for Guidance and Counselling

A taught-in-presence module for classroom use and a MOOC online resource which students can access anywhere and anytime.

Output 3: Workshops and training for educational staff at provincial and local government levels

Ensuring that the 21st century skills are included in all levels of education.

Video blog from Tribhuvan University

Collaborative communication and participatory decision-making leads to high quality co-creation development in a new masters degree course in digital pedagogy and 21st century skills in Nepal.

Watch this video blog and find out what's going on with the output 1: Newly designed master’s programme focusing on digital pedagogy, guidance and counselling, and the development of 21st century skills required of workers in changing societies.
(September 2021)
You can also watch the video from here »

Video blog from Nepal Open University

In spite of not being able to travel, work has progressed in Nepal and Finland to get the project started. 

Co-creation teams involving experts from Tribhuvan University and Nepal Open University from Kathmandu, Nepal, as well as JAMK and HAMK Universities of Applied Sciences in Finland have been collaborating remotely to organize online workshops to begin the creative process of producing new learning resources for student teachers that encapsulate those highly sought-after 21st century skills. Talking Dr Khana Rana from NOU. (April 2021)

You can also watch the video from here »

Listen to the podcast:

Online learning in Nepal podcast, photo of Mount Everest and Nepal Open University.

Online learning in Nepal - an interview with Dr Jeevan Khanal

“Online-learning is not yet appreciated in Nepal”, says Dr Jeevan Khanal from Nepal Open University in his interview with Eila Burns. Tune in to discover what else he tells us about the challenges faced in implementing open and online learning in Nepal. 

Listen to this episode on Soundcloud

Text transcript: Online learning in Nepal (pdf) | Read also: Article by Jeevan Khanal 



organization logos

Tribhuvan University (TU), Nepal

Nepal Open University (NOU), Nepal  

JAMK University of Applied Sciences (coordinator), Finland

HAMK University of Applied Sciences, Finland


For more information

Burns Graham

Burns Graham

Projektipäällikkö, Project Manager
AOKK T&K, Research, Development & Innovations (RDI)
Ammatillinen opettajakorkeakoulu, Professional Teacher Education
Kaarakainen Jaana

Kaarakainen Jaana

Projektisihteeri, Project Secretary
AOKK T&K, Research, Development & Innovations (RDI)
Ammatillinen opettajakorkeakoulu, Professional Teacher Education