Accepted Manuscript (AM)
see final draft

Accepted Author´s Manuscript (AAM)
see final draft

APC (article processing charge)
A processing charge / author charge / publication fee charges from the author, if they publish an article in a gold open access or hybrid model journal.

Author-accepted version
see final draft

Author´s Accepted Manuscript (AAM)
see final draft

Author´s original
The original output by the author, which has been sent to the publisher, but has not yet been peer reviewed or edited.

This refers to the delay time / quarantine determined by the publisher, during which the material cannot be published online to be freely accessible. Embargo time starts either on the publication date of the electronic version or the printed version, depending on which is earlier. Embargo is usually 6–36 months.

Final draft
The latest draft sent by the author to the publisher, after a possible peer review.  In practice, this article version features the finalised content and its content is identical to that published by the publisher, but this version does not have the final layout, i.e. it does not feature the logos and page numbers (journal layout) of the published version. Names ‘Accepted Manuscript (AM)’, ‘Author Accepted Manuscript (AAM)’, ‘post print’ or ‘post-refereeing’ are also used for the version.

Final published version (myös Publisher PDF tai Publisher version)
Article´s final version in journal layout, which publisher has published.

Gold Open Access / Gold OA
Publishing in a journal following the Open Access principles, meaning the publication is freely accessible online. A so-called article processing charge (APC) can be charged for the publication. The fee can be charged from the author, their employer or a financier of the research. The fees vary from some dozens euro to thousands. OA journals that do not charge article processing charges also exist.

Green Open Access / Green OA
The publication (usually its final draft version) can be parallel published on an open access publication archive, upon the publisher’s permission, where it will be freely accessible right away or after a certain predetermined delay time (embargo). The publisher may also have terms as to which version can be parallel published. Most often, parallel publishing a so-called final draft on the open access publication archive of the author’s organisation (Theseus for JAMK) is allowed. Parallel publishing is free-of-charge to the publication’s author. JAMK primarily recommends the use of Green Open Access publication.

Hybrid model
see Hybrid Open Access

Hybrid Open Access / Hybrid OA
Hybrid publication is a journal that applies a subscription fee. The author of an individual article can make the journal accessible to all by paying APC, Article Processing Charge, which can be thousands of euros. Hybrid journal is different than an Open Access journal, in which all the articles are freely accessible. Hybrid publications charge double, as they apply both subscription charges and article processing charges. Due to these overlapping charges, Hybrid OA publishing is not recommended.

Institutional repository (or Institutional server)
Open publication repository of university or research institute. For example Theseus is institutional repository.

Long-term preservation
Long-term preservation means the reliable preservation and storage of digital material for dozens or up to hundreds of years. Devices, software and file formats will become legacies, but information must be kept.

Open Access publication
Open Access refers to open accessibility of research publications. Open Access publications can be freely read, copied, printed and linked online by everyone without any charge. This means that their accessibility is not limited to, for example, people that have paid the subscription fee. Open Access publishing is done through open access e-journals or as parallel publications in publication archives. Publishers offer various methods of publishing an open access publication, and the methods differ with regard to whether a charge is applied or not. For example, with regard to Gold Open Access journals, the author pays an article processing charge, which makes the article accessible to all right away. By allowing parallel publishing (Green Open Access), the publisher gives the author a permission to publish a certain version of the article through an open publication archive of the organisation, but often only after a certain embargo period.

Parallel publishing
Parallel publishing means that an article published in a scientific journal will be published on an open publication archive (Theseus at JAMK), where the parallel publications are freely accessible to all, either right away or after a certain embargo determined by the publisher. Parallel publishing is a free-of-charge method of Open Access publishing (so-called Green Open Access).

Predatory publisher
There are many so-called publishers with questionable intentions, who try to approach authors by email, for example, and who are only interested in receiving article processing charges and do not invest in the quality of their publication's content.  The names of many predatory journals resemble the names of well-known publications by large publishing houses. In addition to this, the appearance of the publication may be similar to the visual appearance of a credible science publisher or scientific journal, even with regard to their logos, names of researchers and ISSN codes of journals. SHERPA/RoMEO = The site features all the basic information about the parallel publishing rights of publishers and individual journals. The site is a good tool for finding out if an article published in an international science journal, for example, can be parallel published and with what terms. SHERPA/RoMEO site mostly features information from foreign publishers and journals.

a manuscript version that the author has sent to the publisher and that has not been peer reviewed. The contents of the manuscript may still change.

Publisher PDF
A finished version produced by the publisher, which has gone through DTP and peer review. Usually a PDF file. This is the final version of the work, the one which the publisher distributes, with the finished layout (logo, page numbers, journal’s image). Publishers do not often allow this version to be parallel published.

URN identifier
URN identifier is the unique and permanent identifier of an online publication. The URN identifier given to a document will not change as long as the identity and name of the publication remain the same. The URN identifier will only be changed if the publication’s contents change in some essential manner. The same identifier will never be given to another publication. A URN-based identifier is only allocated to digital documents.